Under the rules pertaining to the Substantial Presence Test, foreign scholars, teachers, researchers, trainees (including medical interns), physicians, au pairs, summer camp workers, and other nonimmigrants who arrive in the United States on J-1, Q-1, and Q-2 visas are considered to be “exempt individuals” (i.e., exempt from counting days of presence in the United States under the Substantial Presence Test) during the first two calendar years of their physical presence in the United States. Foreign students who arrive in the United States on F-1, J-1, M-1, Q-1 or Q-2 visas are considered to be exempt individuals during the first five calendar years of their physical presence in the United States. This means that foreign scholars, teachers, researchers, trainees, physicians, au pairs, summer camp workers, and other non-students who enter the United States on J-1, Q-1 or Q-2 visas are considered to be NONRESIDENT ALIENS during their first two calendar years in the United States. And, foreign students who enter the United States on F-1, J-1, M-1, Q-1or Q-2 visas are considered to be NONRESIDENT ALIENS during their first five calendar years in the United States.
Social Security Disability Medicare Retirement Laid Bare
, and the SSI program. We provide information on applying for benefits, appealing denials, understanding Medicare, finding a Disability Lawyer, and making the most of your SSI benefits. The information is presented in plain English, without technical jargon.
Social Security (United States)
Due to changing needs or personal preferences, a person may go back to work after retiring. In this case, it is possible to get Social Security retirement or survivors benefits and work at the same time. A worker who is of full retirement age or older may (with spouse) keep all benefits, after taxes, regardless of earnings. But, if this worker or the worker’s spouse are younger than full retirement age and receiving benefits and earn “too much”, the benefits will be reduced. If working under full retirement age for the entire year and receiving benefits, Social Security deducts $1 from the worker’s benefit payments for every $2 earned above the annual limit of $15,120 (2013). Deductions cease when the benefits have been reduced to zero and the worker will get one more year of income and age credit, slightly increasing future benefits at retirement. For example, if you were receiving benefits of $1,230/month (the average benefit paid) or $14,760 a year and have an income of $29,520/year above the $15,120 limit ($44,640/year) you would lose all ($14,760) of your benefits. If you made $1,000 more than $15,200/year you would “only lose” $500 in benefits. You would get no benefits for the months you work until the $1 deduction for $2 income “squeeze” is satisfied. Your first social security check will be delayed for several months—the first check may only be a fraction of the “full” amount. The benefit deductions change in the year you reach full retirement age and are still working—Social Security only deducts $1 in benefits for every $3 you earn above $40,080 in 2013 for that year and has no deduction thereafter. The income limits change (presumably for inflation) year by year.
New or Replacement Social Security Number Card
You need a Social Security number to get a job, collect Social Security benefits and get some other government services. But you don’t often need to show your Social Security card. Do not carry your card with you. Keep it in a safe place with your other important papers.
Benefits for People with Disabilities
The Social Security and Supplemental Security Income disability programs are the largest of several Federal programs that provide assistance to people with disabilities. While these two programs are different in many ways, both are administered by the Social Security Administration and only individuals who have a disability and meet medical criteria may qualify for benefits under either program.
Social Security Amendments of 1965
The groups previously opposed to the legislation switched their focus from opposing the bill to creating new versions of it. As a result, three forms of the bill emerged: John Byrnes’, the American Medical Association’s, and the administration’s bill (known as Medicare). Byrnes was a Republican committee member who proposed that doctors’ services and drugs be financed; participation in coverage would be voluntary for the aged. If an elderly patient did need the help, his or her financing would be “scaled to the amounts of the participant’s Social Security cash benefits” and the financing would come from the government’s revenues. The AMA proposed Eldercare, which provided government financing for physician’s services, surgical charges, drugs, nursing home costs, x-ray and lab services. When brought back to the Ways and Means committee, three bills were presented: Byrnes,’ Eldercare, and Medicare.